Georgia Basic Info

Country Name: Georgia (local name – "Sakartvelo")
Location: Southwestern Asia
Capital: Tbilisi (with population of 1.4 mln. people)
Official language: Georgian having unique writing and alphabet that does not resemble any other alphabet in the world (also spoken - Russian, Abkhaz - in Abkhazia and Ossetic –in Ossetia)
Currency: Lari - GEL (1 lari = 100 tetri)
Time Zone: UTC + 3
International telephone code: +995
Internet TLD: .ge
Area: 69,7 thousand square meters
Population: 4.7 mln. people
Population Density: 68 people per sq km (Urban population – 56%, Rural population – 44%)
Average life expectancy: Man - 69 years, woman - 78 years
Biggest cities: Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Rustavi, Batumi
   
Ethnic divisions: Georgians (kartveli) - 70%, Armenians - 8%, Russians - 6,5%, Azeris - 6%, Ossetians - 3%, Greeks - 2%, Abkhazians - 1,8% 
   
Religion: Orthodox Christians - 75 % (Georgian Orthodox Church - 65 %, Russian Orthodox Church - 10 %), Muslims - 11 %, Armenian-Grigorians - 8 % 
   
The highest point: Mountain Shkhara (5068 m) 
   
Political structure: Democratic republic - The head of State is the President. The head of Government is the Prime Minister, appointed by the President. Legislative authority is vested in the Parliament of Georgia. 
   

 
Administrative-territorial division:

  • 9 administrative districts (Kakheti, Shida Kartli, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Guria, Central region of Tbilisi, which in turn consists of 10 regions)
  • 2 autonomous Republics (Adjara and Abkhazia)

 

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